Archive for January, 2009

ADD DEPTH TO EYES to emphasize them Retouching

Saturday, January 31st, 2009

ADD DEPTH TO EYES to emphasize them Retouching portraits is always tricky. You want to improve the image and still preserve the person s character. Because the eyes can define personality, enhancing the eyes almost always helps the overall portrait and helps the viewer focus on the subject. When you work on any portrait and especially when you work on the eyes, you need to make small changes. Large changes are too often obvious, and your subjects want to see themselves and be seen at their best, not different. Make small changes and repeat these on several layers. You can easily adjust the opacity of each layer independently, creating more variations in brush strokes and colors. With adjustments on multiple layers, it is also easier to change or delete enhancements that do not seem natural. Using a pressure-sensitive pen tablet also gives more variety to brush strokes. Use light brush strokes instead of heavy ones. Many of the brush options can be set to respond to pressure or tilt, allowing you to alter brush styles with fewer trips to the Brushes palette. )) rr ww ** )) qq rr (( Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 86 * Click Brush Tip Shape. ( Select a very small brush to match the size of the eyelashes. ) Drag the dots on the roundness icon and the brush angle to conform the brush shape to the eyelashes of one eye. q Click here to close the Brushes palette. w Paint over the eyelashes one at a time to darken them. e Press the spacebar and click in the image to move to the other eye. r Click here and repeat steps 18 to 22, adjusting the brush to fit the shape of the lashes of the other eye. t Press Option+spacebar (Alt+spacebar) and click in the image to zoom out and see the whole face.

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Saturday, January 31st, 2009

@@ !! !! 88 99 00 ^^ $$ ## %% && @@ !! !! 88 99 00 ^^ $$ ## %% && 8 Click here to open the Brush Picker. 9 Click and drag the Master Diameter slider to select a small brush that fits inside the iris. 0 Click and drag the Hardness slider to 0%. ! Paint in the center of each iris. @ Click here to reverse the foreground and background colors and set the foreground to black. # Paint with black around the edges of the irises and in the pupils. $ Click the New Layer button to add a second blank layer. % Double-click in the Opacity data field and type 20. ^ Click the Brushes button to open the Brushes palette and presets. & Press +spacebar (Ctrl+spacebar) and then click in the image to zoom in to see the eyelashes. 85Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits Did You Know? You can save and reuse an eyelash brush. With the settings that you create for Brush Tip Shape, click the palette menu arrow on the right in the Brushes palette. Click New Brush Preset. Type a name in the dialog box and click OK. Try This! Press D to set the foreground and background colors to the default black and white. Press X to quickly switch the foreground and background colors as you digitally dodge and burn. Try This! To lighten dark brown eyes, try setting the foreground color to a dark red or burgundy color instead of white. Paint in the irises on a separate layer and adjust the opacity. Adding red to dark brown eyes softens the look.

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ADD DEPTH TO EYES to emphasize them Removing

Friday, January 30th, 2009

ADD DEPTH TO EYES to emphasize them Removing red eye and lightening the whites of the eyes improves any portrait photograph. You can also make your subject more interesting by adding other adjustments that emphasize the eyes. You can add more contrast to the iris, the colored portion surrounding the pupil, by lightening some areas and darkening others. You can add depth to the eyes by darkening the eyelashes and the natural outline of the eyes. This digital technique is similar to dodging and burning in the darkroom. Instead of using Photoshop s Dodge and Burn tools on the image, you can use the Brush tool on separate blank layers and vary the opacity of each layer to control the adjustments. Painting with white lightens areas. Painting with black darkens areas, lengthens the eyelashes, and adds definition to the eyes. Using the Opacity setting in the Layers palette, you can fine-tune the adjustments before you finalize the image. Making the eyes sparkle by using a variation of digital dodging and burning in Photoshop helps draw the viewer s attention to the eyes and engages them in the photo. 44 44 77 66 11 22 55 33 Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 84 1 Click and drag the Background layer over the New Layer button to duplicate it. 2 Click the New Layer button. l A new blank layer is added to the Layers palette. 3 Double-click in the Opacity data field and type 10. 4 Click the Zoom tool and click and drag across both eyes to zoom in. 5 Click here to reset the foreground and background colors to the defaults. 6 Click here to reverse the foreground and background colors and set the foreground to white. 7 Click the Brush tool.

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Friday, January 30th, 2009

!! @@ ^^ && %% ## !! @@ ^^ && %% ## ! Press +click (Ctrl+click) the layer mask thumbnail to load the selection again. @ Click the Adjustment Layer button. # Click Curves. $ Click OK in the Curves dialog box that appears without making any changes. % Press Option+spacebar (Alt+spacebar) and click in the image to zoom out and see the whole face. ^ Click here and select Screen. & Click here and drag the slider to the left to reduce the opacity of the layer until the eyes look brighter but still natural. The subject s eyes appear bright without appearing artificially lightened. 83Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits More Options! In some palettes, dialog boxes, and Options bars, clicking and dragging on the word associated with a slider activates the Scrubby sliders. The cursor changes to a pointing finger. Click and drag across the word, changing the amount in the data field. Did You Know? Pressing Shift as you select with a selection tool enables you to add to a selected area or add a separate selection. Pressing Option (Alt) as you drag over a selected area enables you to remove areas from that selection. Try This! You can quickly access the Feather dialog box, or other options, for any selection by pressing the Ctrl key and clicking (right-clicking) in the selection area. A pop-up contextual menu appears listing options such as Feather and Select Inverse.

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BRIGHTEN THE EYES by lightening the whites One

Thursday, January 29th, 2009

BRIGHTEN THE EYES by lightening the whites One way to quickly enhance a portrait is to draw attention to the eyes. The eyes are the most important feature of the face and the key to a person s individuality. Whether the whites of the eyes are bloodshot or just appear dull, lightening them can enhance the whole face. Brightening and desaturating the white area draws the viewer right into the subject s personality. Lightening the whites of the eyes is a multistep and multilayer process. You first select the whites and remove the redness using a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer. Then you brighten the eyes with a Curves adjustment layer and change the blending mode of the layers. People do not have perfectly white eyes, so this adjustment requires not only making a precise selection, but also viewing the entire photo as you apply the changes. Because the adjustments are on separate layers, you can easily go back and modify the adjustments to enhance the overall image and keep the subject looking natural. Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 44 33 11 22 55 00 88 44 44 66 77 99 55 3322 82 1 With the Background layer duplicated, click the Zoom tool and zoom in on the eye area. 2 Click the Lasso tool and draw a selection around the white area of one eye. 3 Press and hold Shift and select the other white areas of the eyes. 4 Click Select . Modify . Feather. 5 Type 3 here and click OK. Note: A feather radius between 1 and 5 pixels works best for this selection. 6 Click the Adjustment Layer button. 7 Click Hue/Saturation. The Hue/Saturation dialog box appears. 8 Move the dialog box so that you can see the eyes. 9 Drag the Saturation slider to the left to remove the redness. 0 Click OK.

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The Hue/Saturation dialog box appears. l If necessary,

Thursday, January 29th, 2009

The Hue/Saturation dialog box appears. l If necessary, move the dialog box to one side so that you can see the teeth. 00 @@ ## $$ !! 0 Click here and select Yellows. ! Click and drag the Saturation slider slowly to the left to remove the yellow. @ Click here again and select Master. # Click and drag the Lightness slider slowly to the right to brighten the teeth. $ Click OK to apply the changes. % Press +D (Ctrl+D) to deselect the teeth. 81Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits Try This! When zooming in on an image, hold the spacebar; the pointer temporarily changes to the Hand tool. You can click and drag around your image with the Hand tool and easily move to the area that needs to be adjusted. When you release the spacebar, you change back to the tool that was previously selected. Did You Know? Feathering softens the edge of a selection and smoothes the transition between two distinct areas. You can also click Select . Refine Edge to feather the selection edge. The default settings of the Refine Edge dialog box include a one-pixel feather. Click OK in the dialog box and continue lightening the teeth as shown here.

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WHITEN TEETH to improve a smile You can

Wednesday, January 28th, 2009

WHITEN TEETH to improve a smile You can greatly improve every portrait in which the subject is smiling by applying a little digital tooth whitening. Yellow teeth always dull a smile as well as the overall look of the photo. You first select the teeth and soften the selection, to avoid a visible line between the areas that are lightened and the rest of the image. Although there are many ways to make a selection in Photoshop, using the Quick Mask mode or the Quick Selection tool as described in Chapter 2 works well when making a detailed selection such as selecting a person s teeth. After the teeth are selected, whitening is a two-step process. You have to remove the yellow and then brighten the teeth by adjusting the saturation. As in the previous tasks, duplicate the Background layer as a safety step and zoom in to make the detailed selection. Then zoom out to see the whole image before adjusting the color. Digital tooth whitening should be a subtle adjustment to keep the smile and the person looking natural. 22 22 11 44 99 77 22 88 3311 55 80 1 Zoom in and make a selection of the teeth using the Quick Mask mode or the Quick Selection tool. Note: To use the Quick Mask mode, see Task #17. To use the Quick Selection tool, see Task #16. 2 Click Select . Modify . Feather. The Feather Selection dialog box appears. 3 Type 1 in the Feather Radius field. 4 Click OK. 5 Click the Zoom tool and zoom out to see the whole image. 6 Press +H (Ctrl+H) to hide the selection marquee. The selection marquee is no longer visible, but the teeth are still selected. 7 Click Image. 8 Click Adjustments. 9 Click Hue/Saturation.

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Wednesday, January 28th, 2009

%% ## $$ !! ^^ @@ %% ## $$ !! ^^ @@ ! Press Option+click (Alt+click) an area of clear skin near one wrinkle to sample. @ Click and drag directly on the first wrinkles to paint them away. # Click here and repeat steps 8 to 12, changing the brush angle and roundness for the other wrinkles. $ Click the Zoom tool. % Press Option (Alt) and click in the image to zoom out. ^ With the top layer selected, click here and drag the slider until the wrinkles appear diminished and still natural. The wrinkles on the face are less pronounced, and the person appears slightly rested and younger. 79Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits Try This! Use many small strokes rather than one larger one when you paint over wrinkles with the Healing Brush and sample nearby areas of clear skin often. The skin tones match more closely, and the results appear more natural. Try This! You need to zoom in and out often when removing wrinkles. Instead of changing tools when the Healing Brush is selected, press +spacebar (Ctrl+spacebar) and click to zoom in. Press Option+ spacebar (Alt+spacebar) to zoom out. Customize It! With a Wacom Intuos3 pen, you can set the rocker switch on the pen to the Option (Alt) key. You can then press the rocker switch instead of reaching for your keyboard to sample areas with the Healing Brush tool.

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REDUCE WRINKLES with a soft touch You can

Tuesday, January 27th, 2009

REDUCE WRINKLES with a soft touch You can remove wrinkles with Photoshop in a variety of ways, including cloning them away with the Clone Stamp tool or patching them using the Patch tool. However, if you remove all the wrinkles and give a person perfectly smooth skin, the effect is not believable. Using the Healing Brush tool and a separate layer, you can maintain more control over the corrections and give your subject a rejuvenated yet natural appearance. You can modify the Healing Brush and change its shape and angle so that your brush strokes are not as visible when you literally paint away the wrinkles. You can create your wrinkle-removing brush by changing attributes in the Brush Picker in the Options bar. The effect appears even more realistic if you use a pressure-sensitive pen tablet and set the Healing Brush to respond to pressure. After you brush away the years, you can change the opacity of the altered layer to reintroduce just enough wrinkles to appear natural. 66 77 88 99 44 55 22 00 33 Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 11 78 1 Click and drag the Background layer thumbnail over the New Layer icon to duplicate the layer. 2 Click the Zoom tool and zoom in to enlarge the areas with wrinkles. 3 Click here to add a new empty layer. 4 Click and hold the Spot Healing Brush tool and select the Healing Brush. 5 Click here to open the Brush Picker. 6 Set the Master Diameter slider to a brush size wide enough to cover the deepest wrinkles. 7 Drag the Hardness slider to about 50 percent. 8 Click one dot on the circle in the thumbnail and drag toward the center to change the roundness of the brush. 9 Drag the arrowhead to change the angle of the stroke in the direction of the deepest wrinkles. 0 Click here and select All Layers.

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The Color Picker dialog box appears. @ Click

Tuesday, January 27th, 2009

The Color Picker dialog box appears. @ Click and drag the Hue slider to another color. # Click OK to close the Color Picker. ## @@ $$ %% ^^ ^^ ** && $ Click here to add a new empty layer. % Click here and select Color for the layer blend mode. ^ Click and drag over both irises to paint in the new color. & Click the Eraser tool and erase if you paint over other areas. * Click here and drag the slider to the left until the eye color appears natural. The eyes now appear the new color. 77Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits More Options! If you have another photo with an appropriate eye color, you can also use the Color Replacement tool instead of the standard Brush tool. Select that tool. Press Option+click in the first photo to sample the color of the eyes that you want to use. Then apply the color with soft brush strokes on the empty layer of the image you are correcting. Did You Know? You can avoid red eye in many photos if you use the red-eye reduction feature included with some newer cameras. This feature minimizes the red-eye effect in flash photos by firing several flashes an instant before the photo is taken, forcing the pupils to close slightly just as the final flash and shutter are released.

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