Archive for January, 2009

CHANGE EYE COLOR digitally Using the Red Eye

Monday, January 26th, 2009

CHANGE EYE COLOR digitally Using the Red Eye tool works well to eliminate the red-eye effect. However, it leaves the eyes a black or gray color. You can improve many photos by simply adding back a little color or colorizing the iris of the eyes. When you colorize the eyes, you are looking for a natural eye color. If you have another photo of the same person, you can sample the eye color from the first photo and paint it into the one with gray eyes. You can also select any color as the foreground color and paint in the irises. Colorizing the eyes naturally depends on specific brush options you set in the Options bar. You can also use the same technique to apply one person s eye color to another subject s eyes. Agencies often request a specific eye color for a model to better blend into the color scheme of an advertising piece. You can save time by using Photoshop to change the eye color in the original photo and avoid finding and photographing a different model. 22 33 77 !! 00 88 99 55 44 66 11Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 76 1 Click and drag the Background layer over the New Layer icon to duplicate the layer as a safety step. 2 Click the Zoom tool and zoom in to enlarge the eyes. 3 Click the Eyedropper tool. 4 Click here and select 3 by 3 Average. 5 Click in the iris to set a reference color as the foreground color. 6 Click the Brush tool. The Options bar changes. 7 Click here to open the Brush Picker. 8 Drag the Master Diameter slider to set a brush size just smaller than one-half the iris. 9 Click and drag the Hardness slider to 50 percent. 0 Click the Airbrush button to enable it. ! Click the Foreground Color box in the toolbox.

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99 88 00 99 88 00 Photoshop replaces

Monday, January 26th, 2009

99 88 00 99 88 00 Photoshop replaces the red with a neutral gray. 8 Click in the red area of the other eye. Photoshop again replaces the red with a neutral gray. 9 Click the Zoom tool. The Options bar changes. 0 Click Fit Screen. Photoshop zooms out, so you can see the entire image and the more natural-looking eye color. 75Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits Did You Know? Pressing J selects the Spot Healing Brush tool. Press Shift as you press J again three times to select the Red Eye tool. With the tool selected, press Return (Enter), and the first data field in the Options bar is highlighted. Type your settings and press Tab to highlight the next data field. Try This! You can select all the tools even faster using a one-letter keyboard shortcut. Click Photoshop (Edit) . Preferences . General. Deselect the Use Shift Key for Tool Switch check box in the Options section of the dialog box. Click OK. When you press the letter corresponding to a tool, you cycle through all the tools hidden below the first one.

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REMOVE RED EYE to quickly improve any photo

Sunday, January 25th, 2009

REMOVE RED EYE to quickly improve any photo You can remove the red-eye effect from all photographs, whether they are scanned from film or prints or start out as digital files. Photoshop CS3 includes a Red Eye tool that makes the process very easy. Red eye is caused by the reflection of a camera flash in a person s retina. When you shoot in a darkened room, the subject s irises are wide open and their pupils enlarged, increasing the chances for red-eye photos. Using a camera with the flash mounted directly above the lens also causes more red eyes than using a bounce flash or a flash unit that is positioned away from the camera lens. By default, Photoshop s Red Eye tool uses a large brush and makes the areas around the pupil black. You can change the default settings in the Options bar to fit the size of your subject s eyes. Changing the red areas to a dark gray color rather than black makes your subject look more natural and enables you to change the eye color later if needed. 22 44 66 55 11 77 33 74 1 With the image open, drag the Background layer over the New Layer icon to duplicate it. 2 Click the Zoom tool and zoom in to enlarge the red eyes. 3 Click and hold the Spot Healing Brush tool to reveal its other tool options. 4 Click the Red Eye tool. The Options bar changes to show the options for the Red Eye tool. 5 Double-click here and type 15. 6 Make sure that the Darken Amount data field is set to 50. 7 Click in the red area of one eye.

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e Click here to reverse the colors, making

Sunday, January 25th, 2009

e Click here to reverse the colors, making white the foreground color. r Paint over any dark spots in the image to smooth the skin. tt rr rr ee rr uu yy The skin tone appears smoother. t Continue painting over any dark areas, adjusting the size of the brush tool as necessary. y Click here and drag the Layer Opacity slider to the left to reduce the effect for a more natural look. u Click the Visibility icon for the gray layer off and on to compare the image before and after the adjustment. The skin tone is smoothed and appears natural rather than over-corrected. 73Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits More Options! You can press the X key to reverse the background and foreground colors and paint with black to darken any areas that appear too light. However, if your image starts to appear unnatural, open the History palette and click back several steps to undo the changes. Then continue painting until the skin tone appears natural. Attention! You may not see much of a change as you paint with the Brush opacity set to 3%; however, when you turn off the Visibility icon for the layer, you will definitely see the changes. You can increase or decrease the brush opacity one or two percent, brush over an area, and then check the changes by toggling on and off the Visibility icon.

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REMOVE BLEMISHES and improve the skin The Spot

Sunday, January 25th, 2009

REMOVE BLEMISHES and improve the skin The Spot Healing Brush generally removes blemishes and imperfections and makes the skin appear cleaner. However, the blemishes often discolor the surrounding skin tone, and removing the blemishes can leave spots or streaks of mismatched colors on your subject. You can easily improve the overall skin tone and smooth any blotches the Healing Brush may have left using the skin-smoothing technique, as taught by Jane Conner-ziser. Known as one of the best photo retouchers in the professional photography industry, Jane teaches classes in portrait photography, facial retouching, and fine-art portrait painting at her Digital Art School in Florida, as well as across the United States and internationally. You can learn more about Jane s many classes and seminars at janesdigitalart.com. This technique adds a special dodge and burn layer to your image. You can control the amount of tonal adjustment and improve the skin without making the photo appear retouched and without altering your original file. (( %% ** ^^ ww qq)) && $$ Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 72 $ Press the Option key and click the New Layer icon. The New Layer dialog box appears. % Type a name such as Skin Tone in the Name field. ^ Click here and select Overlay for the mode. & Click Fill with Overlay-Neutral Color (50% Gray). * Click OK. l A gray layer in Overlay mode appears in the Layers palette. ( Click the Brush tool. ) Click here and select a small soft-edged brush. q Click here and reduce the brush opacity to about 3%. w Click here to reset the default colors to black and white.

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00 00 00 @@ 99 !! ## 00

Saturday, January 24th, 2009

00 00 00 @@ 99 !! ## 00 00 00 @@ 99 !! ## 9 Click and drag the Diameter slider to adjust the brush size. Note: The brush size should be just larger than the blemish that you want to remove. 0 Click each of the worst blemishes of a similar size first. Photoshop removes the blemishes and blends the surrounding skin area. ! Click the New Layer icon to add another blank layer. @ Repeat steps 8 to 10, clicking the other blemishes. l Layer 2 should be highlighted in the Layers palette. # Click here and drag the Opacity slider for Layer 2 to the left until the skin looks natural. 71Chapter 4: Retouching Portraits Attention! Moles, freckles, or other distinguishing marks are a distinct feature. Unlike most blemishes, these permanent marks may be considered essential to the person s character. Be sure to check with the subject or the art director first before removing these. More Options! After removing the blemishes, you can combine the blemish repair layers with the Background copy layer. You can quickly compare the before and after images by turning on and off the Visibility icon for the Background copy layer. Did You Know? With a pen tablet, you can set the size in the Brush Picker to Pen Pressure and set the brush size to be larger than the largest blemish. Press harder to remove large blemishes and press lightly to remove smaller blemishes.

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REMOVE BLEMISHES and improve the skin You can

Saturday, January 24th, 2009

REMOVE BLEMISHES and improve the skin You can greatly improve a portrait by removing skin imperfections. Blemishes may be natural, but they are rarely a desirable feature in a photograph. With Photoshop, you can easily remove or reduce the number of blemishes. You can even leave some but make them less obvious. With previous versions of Photoshop, you could use the Clone Stamp tool or the Patch tool for this task. Photoshop CS introduced the Healing Brush, which is even better for repairing certain skin imperfections. The Spot Healing Brush is now the simplest tool to use for removing blemishes. This tool automatically samples the areas around the spot to be removed and blends the pixels. The key to using the Spot Healing Brush is to choose a brush size that is just slightly larger than the blemish and to work in stages on separate layers. You can then change the opacity of each layer and make the changes less obvious. If you do not like the changes, you can simply discard the layers. 22 66 33 88 77 11 55 Photo 2007 www.photospin.com 44 70 1 With the image open, drag the Background layer over the New Layer icon to duplicate it. l A Background copy layer is added, but the screen does not change. 2 Click the Zoom tool. 3 Click Resize Windows To Fit. 4 Click and drag over the blemish areas to zoom in. The image is enlarged and fills the screen. 5 Click the New Layer icon to add a new blank layer. l A new layer is added in the Layers palette, but the screen does not change. 6 Click the Spot Healing Brush. 7 Click Sample All Layers. 8 Click here to open the Brush Picker.

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Remove Blemishes and Improve the Skin. . .

Friday, January 23rd, 2009

Remove Blemishes and Improve the Skin. . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Remove Red Eye to Quickly Improve Any Photo . . . . . . . 74 Change Eye Color Digitally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Reduce Wrinkles with a Soft Touch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Whiten Teeth to Improve a Smile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Brighten the Eyes by Lightening the Whites . . . . . . . . . . 82 Add Depth to Eyes to Emphasize Them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Add a Catch Light to Make the Eyes Come Alive . . . . . . . 88 Sharpen Just the Eyes to Add Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Add a Soft-Focus Effect to Make a Portrait Glow . . . . . . . 92

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Retouching Portraits You can use Photoshop to give

Friday, January 23rd, 2009

Retouching Portraits You can use Photoshop to give your subjects a digital makeover and make them look more beautiful, younger, and healthier. However, it is so easy to alter images in Photoshop that new users often overdo it and make people look like plastic versions of themselves. You are trying to enhance a person s best features and minimize other areas, not turn him or her into someone else. If your subject looks at his photo and thinks that he looks good, you have done your job well. You can use Photoshop CS3 for removing blemishes and red eye, enhancing the eyes, reducing wrinkles, whitening teeth, softening the face, and more. You can also change someone s hair color or eye color to fit a client s request. You can add to any portrait by adding a catch light to the eyes, even if it was not captured by the camera. You can even reduce certain undesirable sags without plastic surgery. Applying the enhancements on separate layers enables you to preserve the original image as well as blend or reduce the changes, making them appear more natural. You should always work on a duplicate of the original file even when you make minor enhancements. For the final image, select Flatten Image from the Layer menu before saving it with a new name. Just do not show the original unretouched photo to the subject! Because these enhancements should be subtle, using a pen tablet, such as the Wacom Intuos 3, is particularly useful when retouching portraits.

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5 Type the width that you want for

Thursday, January 22nd, 2009

5 Type the width that you want for the final printed image. The height automatically adjusts proportionally. 88 77 55 66 99 6 Type 360 in the Resolution box. 7 Click here and select Bicubic Sharper. 8 Click OK. A progress bar appears as Photoshop processes the enlargement. The enlarged photo appears. 9 Check the file size in the window frame. 67Chapter 3: Straightening, Cropping, and Resizing Test It! Make two copies of an image. Enlarge the first using Bicubic Smoother and the second using Bicubic Sharper. Crop the same 4-x-6-inch section on both enlargements and paste these into two new documents. Because resampling may reduce detail and sharpness, apply the Smart Sharpen filter with the same settings to each new document and print them for comparison. Did You Know? A resolution of 150 to 360 ppi is generally recommended for inkjet printing. Images for onscreen viewing only need a resolution of 72 ppi. Images intended for a printing press require a resolution of twice the line screen of the press. If the line screen is 133 dpi, the resolution should be 266 ppi. Rounding up to 300 ppi is generally recommended.

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